MyYogaMentor                Pranayama
Diaphragmatic Breathing
Diaphragmatic Breathing is also known as Abdominal Breathing.  Most adults breath shallowly into their chests.  This constricts the flow of oxygen, and often creates tension in our neck, shoulders and chest as well.  If you watch an infant, you will notice that their bellies expand and contract when they breath.  They have not yet ‘learned’ how to breathe in a restricted manner.
So, as adults, we need to relearn this deep abdominal breathing that comes so naturally to the young.  As you begin, it is best to find a place where you can remain still, quiet, comfortable and warm for at least 15 minutes.
Abdominal breathing can be practiced either in a simple cross-legged position, or in a chair.  
Close your eyes, and relax your shoulders and the back of your neck.
Place on or both hands on your lower belly.
Relax your jaw & lips and begin breathing deeply through your nose.
Your upper chest and shoulders should not move.
Feel your belly expand as you breath in.  Fill your belly completely but do not expand your chest.
When you cannot inhale and more, begin a slow exhalation through your nose, feeling your belly deflate.
Expel all air by contracting your abdominal muscles, visualizing your belly button touching the back of your spine.
When you cannot exhale any further, begin the next inhalation.
As your practice continues, try to keep the length of the inhalation equal to the length of the exhalation.
Counting while breathing can assist with this effort.
After you have diaphragmatic Breathing mastered, you may continue on with